Apologetics

Course Descriptions

Courses are listed and briefly described below.

Please understand that it is impossible to list all of the various texts that might be used in these courses

Therefore, we have not attempted to list the required texts per each course. These are simply some suggested texts for the courses in question. In nearly all cases, there will be other texts also required. These other texts will be determined between the professor and the student.

Click here for Reading and Writing Requirements.

Also, sometimes a text is listed for more than one course—this, however, does not mean that one can simply read a single text for several courses. If a student has read a particular text for a class, he/she cannot use that same text again for another course.

Next, some of the suggested texts may no longer be in print. If this is the case, the students and their mentors will simply select other, newer texts dealing with the same topic.

It is important to make clear that though we offer studies in a variety of theological and philosophical perspectives, CES does not necessarily endorse all of the positions listed in the course descriptions. However, rather than simply telling students what to think, it is our belief that an institution of education should allow an open atmosphere of learning, and that includes reading, studying, and critiquing various perspectives within Christianity. We believe that students deserve the right to read, critique, and decide for themselves which perspectives they believe to be correct. To this end, some courses are set up to see both sides of a debate: for example see courses TH-603/803 Eschatology, TH-206/406 Sanctification, and TH-615/815 Perpetuity of Spiritual Gifts.

(Number Name Hours Description)

AP-101 Apologetics I 4SH An introduction in logical reasoning concerning belief in the Christian faith. Evidence is presented for the resurrection, deity of Christ, and the existence of God. (Know Why You Believe, by Paul Little)

AP-102 Biblical Inerrancy 4SH Investigates the Inerrancy of the Bible.

AP-103 Evidence for a Young Earth 4SH From a Christian worldview, this course presents modern scientific evidence which supports the young earth model and refutes the evolutionary model and belief in an old earth. (It's a Young World After All, by Paul D. Ackerman)

AP-201 Apologetics II 4SH Examines many evidences for the truth of the Christian faith. (Many Infallible Proofs, by Henry M. Morris)

AP-202 Evolution and Fossil Record 4 SH This course presents evidence against the evolutionary model found in the fossil record. (Evolution - The Fossils Still Say No, by Duane Gish)

AP-301 Cults 4SH Examines and critiques various non-Christian cults in light of God's Word, to include Mormonism, Jehovah's Witnesses, Christian Science, and Unity. (Understanding the Cults, by Josh McDowell and Don Stewart)

AP-302 Mormonism 4SH An in-depth examination of the Mormon cult. The history, heresies, and practices of this cult will be examined. (The Maze of Mormonism, by Walter Martin)

AP-303 Jehovah's Witnesses 4SH An in-depth study of the Jehovah's Witnesses, their history and heresies. (Jehovah of the Watchtower, by Walter Martin)

AP-304 The Occult 4SH Discusses and critiques the world of the secret or hidden arts, such as Satanism, witchcraft, demon possession, and ESP, along with other aspects of the occult. (Understanding the Cults, by Josh McDowell and Don Stewart, Occult Shock and Psychic Forces, by Clifford Wilson and John Weldon)

AP-305 The New Age Movement 4SH This course studies the rise of Eastern mysticism in Western culture under the guise of the New Age Movement. A Scriptural refutation is provided. (Unmasking the New Age, by Douglas Groothuis, and The New Age Cult, by Martin)

AP-306 Secular Religions 4SH This course refutes those religions that deny God's existence or deny that man can know God, such as atheism, agnosticism, skepticism, existentialism, Communism, and humanism. (Understanding Secular Religions, by Josh McDowell and Don Stewart)

AP-307 World Religions 4SH The teachings and practices of the world's main religions, such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, and Islam. (Understanding Non-Christian Religions, by Josh McDowell and Don Stewart)

AP-308 God and Science 4SH Provides scientific evidence for the existence of God. Modern science, when interpreted properly, will lead one to recognize God as the source of the universe. (The Fingerprint of God, by Hugh Ross and A Brief History of Eternity, by Roy E. Peacock)

AP-401 Scientific Apologetics 4SH Explores the scientific evidences for the Christian faith. Evolution is refuted while a scientific case for Christianity is proposed and defended. (Science and the Bible, by Henry M. Morris, Origin Science, by Norman Geisler and J. Kirby Anderson)

AP-402 Historical Apologetics 4SH Historical evidences for the Christian faith are examined. Included in this course will be the inspiration and reliability of the Bible, the resurrection and deity of Christ. (Evidence that Demands a Verdict, by Josh McDowell)

AP-403 The Reliability of the Gospels 4SH Scholarly evidence is provided to support the argument that the four Gospels are historically accurate and reliable documents. (The Historical Reliability of the Gospels, by Craig Blomberg)

AP-404 Philosophical Apologetics 4SH Main world views are tested, and historical evidences are discussed (Christian Apologetics, by Norman Geisler)

AP-405 History of the Creation-Evolution Debate 4SH This course surveys the long history of the debate between evolutionists and creationists. (The Long War Against God, by Henry Morris)

AP-406 Apologetic Methodology 4SH A study of competing approaches to doing Christian apologetics. (Five Views on Apologetics, by by Steven B. Cowan (General Editor), and Stanley N. Gundry, William Lane Craig, Paul D. Feinberg, Kelly James Clark.

AP-490 Bachelor's Senior Paper 8SH The student selects, with the approval of the mentor, a topic in Christian apologetics.

AP-501/701 Apologetics III 4SH This course provides evidence for God's existence, Christ's resurrection and deity, and the inspiration of the Bible. (Reasonable Faith, by William Lane Craig, and Classical Apologetics, by R. C. Sproul, John Gerstner, and Arthur Lindsley)

AP-502/702 Biblical Inerrancy 4SH Investigates the writings of several evangelical scholars who defend the doctrine that the Bible is free of errors in all that it says (Inerrancy, ed. by Norman Geisler)

AP-503/703 Scientific Apologetics 4SH A scientific case against evolution, and a scientific case for creation is carefully examined. (Origin Science, by Norman Geisler and J. Kirby Anderson, and The Biblical Base for Modern Science, by Henry Morris)

AP-504/704 The Genesis Flood 4SH An overview of the scientific evidences for the universal flood, as recorded in the book of Genesis.

AP-505/705 Science vs Religion 4SH Presents the view held by some that science and religion cannot be harmonized, and thus must be kept apart. (Science Held Hostage, by Van Til, Young, Menninga)

AP-506/706 Historical Apologetics 4SH Provides historical evidences for the Christian faith. Special evidences for the defense of the resurrection of Christ is given. (The Verdict of History, by Gary Habermas, and History and Christianity, by John W. Montgomery)

AP-507/707 Advanced Philosophical Apologetics 4SH Philosophical evidences are stressed, a proper methodology is discovered, world views are tested, and historical evidences are discussed (Christian Apologetics, by Norman Geisler)

AP-508/708 Cults 4SH Examines various non-Christian cults including Mormonism, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Christian Science. (Kingdom of the Cults, by Walter Martin)

AP-509/709 World Religions 4SH An exploration of the history, beliefs, and practices of the world's major religions. Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Judaism are just a few of the religions discussed. (The Religious Experience of Mankind, by Ninian Smart, and Eerdmans' Handbook to the World Religions)

AP-510/710 The New Age Movement 4SH Exposes the pantheistic anti-Christian beliefs of the New Age Movement. A Scriptural refutation of pantheism is provided. (A Crash Course on the New Age, by Elliot Miller, and Apologetics in the New Age, by Norman Geisler and David Clark)

AP-511/711 Secular Religion 4SH Reviews many humanistic belief systems (Is Man the Measure? by Norman Geisler)

AP-690 Master's Thesis 8 SH The student selects, with the approval of the mentor, a topic in Christian apologetics.

AP-600/800 The Apologetics of Craig 4SH The apologetic method of William Lane Craig (Reasonable Faith, by William Lane Craig)

AP-601/801 The Apologetics of Geisler 4SH The apologetic method of Norman Geisler (Christian Apologetics, by Norman Geisler)

AP-602/802 The Apologetics of Schaeffer 4SH The apologetic method of Francis Schaeffer (The God Who is There, and He is There and He is not Silent, by Francis Schaeffer)

AP-603/803 The Apologetics of C. S. Lewis 4SH The apologetic works of C. S. Lewis (Miracles, The Problem of Pain, and Mere Christianity, by C. S. Lewis)

AP-604/804 The Apologetics of Montgomery 4SH The apologetic method of Montgomery (History and Christianity, and Faith Founded on Fact, by John Warwick Montgomery)

AP-605/805 The Apologetics of Moreland 4SH The apologetic method of J. P. Moreland (Scaling the Secular City, by J. P. Moreland)

AP-606/806 The Apologetics of Martin 4SH The apologetic method of Walter Martin (Kingdom of the Cults, by Walter Martin)

AP-607/807 The Apologetics of Van Til 4SH The apologetic method of Cornelius Van Til (Defense of the Faith, by Cornelius Van Til)

AP-890 Doctoral Dissertation 8 SH The student selects, with the approval of the mentor, a topic in Christian apologetics.

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